Geographiae opus novissima traductione a Grecorum archetypis castigatissime pressum
Waldeseemuller, Martin & Ptolemaeus, Claudius
Date of Creation:
This is one of the most important editions of Ptolemy's geography, containing many new regional maps: twenty new maps based on contemporary knowledge "unlike many of the alleged 'new' maps produced by earlier editors, [they] contained a great deal of new information, and in nearly every case they were decided improvements over anything that had been previously offered..." ('The World Encompassed', 56), were included in addition to the traditional body of twenty-seven Ptolemaic maps derived from the 1482 Ulm edition (or possibly from the manuscript atlas of Nicolaus Germanus that served as source for the latter).
Schott's edition while initiated by the most famous of all early sixteenth-century cosmographers, Martin Waldseemuller and his associate Mathias Ringmann, partly at the expense of Duke Rene of Lorraine, was brought to completion by Jacobus Eszler and Georgius Ubelin. The map of Lotharingia (the first map of the Duchy of Lorrain), is printed in black, red and olive, and is one the earliest examples of color-printing.
Most significantly this atlas contains two maps showing America, one is the new map of the world, and the other is the first map in an atlas entirely devoted to America, 'Tabula terre nove', which includes a large portion of the Atlantic coast of America, showing a recognisable Gulf coast, Florida, Brazil and the West Indies. "Twenty placenames are shown on the North American coastline, largely from Portuguese sources, most notably the Cantino portolan chart of 1502 and the Caveri of c. 1505...Cuba is here named Isabella after the Queen of Spain and positioned further north than is actually the case" (Burden 3).